Wednesday, January 29, 2014

An Article Regarding "Environmental Clearance"

The Karnataka State Environmental Impact Assessment Authority under a public notice has brought to the notice of the public that the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India has issued Environmental Impact Assessment Notification dated 14.9.2006 for according Environmental Clearance to 8 category of industries and projects by the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India and by a State level Environment Impact Assessment Authority constituted by the Government of India on the recommendations made by the State Governments. 

The eight categories of industries/projects requiring environment clearance are further categorized into A and B. The central government has decentralized the entire process of environment clearance by creating an independent state level Environment Impact Assessment Authority for category B industries Schedule to Environmental Impact Assessment notification, 2006 give details of 8 category or A and B industries. According to this, under category 8(a) the building and construction projects with built up area of the size measuring between 20,000 sq. meters. and 1,50,000 sq.mtrs. requires clearance from the Environmental Impact Assessment Authority. The following are some of the requirements to be fulfilled by the developers under the notification.

All required sanitary and hygienic measures should be in place before starting construction activities and to be maintained throughout the construction. A first aid room will be provided in the project both during construction and operation of the project.

Adequate drinking water and sanitary facilities should be provided for construction workers at the site. The safe disposal of wastewater and solid wastes generated during the construction phase should be ensured.

All the top soil excavated during construction activities should be stored for use in horticulture/ landscape development within the project site.

Construction spoils, including bituminous material and other hazardous materials, must not be allowed to contaminate water courses and the dump sites for such material must be secured so that they should not leach into the ground water.

The diesel generator sets to be used during construction phase should be low sculpture diesel type and should conform of E(P) rules prescribed for air and noise emission standards.

Vehicles hired for bringing construction material to the site should be in good condition and should conform to applicable air and noise emission standards and should be operated only during non-peak hours.

Ambient noise levels should conform to residential standards both during day and night. Incremental pollution loads on the ambient air and noise quality should be closely monitored during construction phase.

Ready mixed concrete must be used in building construction.

Storm water control and its re-use as per CGWB and BIS standards for various applications.

Water demand during construction should be reduced by use of pre-mixed concrete, curing agents and other best practices referred.

Separation of grey and black water should be done by the use of dual plumbing line for separation of grey and black water. Treatment of Separation of grey and black water should be done by the use of dual plumbing line for separation of grey and black water. Treatment of HN Fixtures for showers, toilet flushing and drinking should be of low flow either by use of aerators or pressure reducing devices or sensor based control.

Use of glass may be reduced by up to 40% to reduce the electricity consumption and load on air conditioning. If necessary, use high quality double glass with special reflective coating in windows.

The installation of the Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) should be certified by an independent expert and a report in this regard should be submitted to the Ministry before the project is commissioned for operation. Discharge of treated sewage shall conform to the norms and standards of the State Pollution Control Board. Ground water should not be recharged from treated effluent.

Rain water harvesting for roof run-off and surface run-off, should be implemented. Before recharging the surface run off, pretreatment must be done to remove suspended matter, oil and grease. Rain water harvesting pit should be at least 50 meters away from STP the solid waste generated should be properly collected and segregated before disposal to the City Municipal Facility. The In-vessel bio-conversion technique should be used for composting the organic waste.

Any hazardous waste including biomedical waste should be disposed of as per applicable rules and norms with necessary approvals of the State Pollution Control Board.

The green belt design along the periphery of the plot shall achieve attenuation factor conforming to the day and night noise standards prescribed for residential land use. The open spaces inside the plot shouldbe suitably landscaped and coveredwith vegetation of indigenous variety.

Incremental pollution loads on the ambient air quality, noise and water quality should be periodically monitored after commissioning of the project.

Incremental pollution loads on the ambient air quality, noise and water quality should be periodically monitored after commissioning of the project.

Traffic congestion near the entry and exit points from the roads adjoining the proposed project site must be avoided. Parking should be fully internalized and no public space should be utilized.

A report on the energy conservation measure confirming to energy conservation norms finalize by Bureau of Energy Efficiency should be prepared incorporating details about building materials and technology, R & U factors etc., and submit to the Ministry for approval.

In the case of any change(s) in the scope of the project, the project would require a fresh appraisal by this Ministry.

The Ministry reserves the right to add additional safeguard measures subsequently, if found necessary, and to take action including revoking of the environment clearance under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, to ensure effective implementation of the suggested safeguard measures in a The project proponent should advertise in at least two local Newspapers widely circulated in the region, one of which shall be in the vernacular language informing that the project has been accorded environmental clearance and copies of clearance letters are available with the State Pollution Control Board time bound and satisfactory manner. Environmental clearance is subject to obtaining clearance under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 from the competent authority.