Only couple of years back, market for a Builder was booming. With recession, everything changed. Competition is created. People had choice. They had plenty of options. They could how bargain, and have lucrative deal for themselves. Builder's profits naturally dwindled. And for the first time, he started thinking about economizing, finding ways to save on construction cost.
With Multi Nationals coming in, it is no more amateurs market. Builders in bangalore 5 regions, with adequate financial support, with proven past record, capable of producing good quality work; delivering goods in promised time, will only survive.
Economy in construction could be achieved by reducing on wastages and pilferages, reducing on inventories, repeated uses of shuttering material, and saving heavily on construction time, through better management techniques, use of computer, information technology etc.
Wastage on site could be kept in check by not storing too much material on site. Proper way of storing materials is very important. Limited stock, leveled stock does help in reducing wastage of materials.
Materials should be ordered, as and when required. Double (or repeated) handling of materials is to be avoided, as this increases breakage, and also adds to transport charges. Unloading of materials in planned manner and near to final working place saves on lead charges. Working out quantities of materials in advance, and having periodical check on the same, will signal management in good time, any attempt on pilferage. Builders have craze in ordering full quantity of materials, thinking that if the materials are available on site, then what they have to look after is arranging only labor in getting speedy completion of work. But that is not true. Many times specifications, amenities are to be changed on technical reasons and/or as required by the planning / sanctioning authority, or by client for that matter.
Materials, already ordered or brought on site, then are unnecessarily wasted. More materials dumped on site, also results in more wastage and pilferage of materials. To get quantity discounts, material rates could be negotiated on full quantities, with schedule of deliveries well defined. This will ensure that the materials are available when required, but payments are made only after deliveries are actually made on site. In business, funds are always short. Funds are often arranged on heavy interest. Blocking money in unwanted stocks is therefore foolish and unpardonable.
Different ways should be found to save on technical grounds. Designing of shuttering materials and repeated use of the same will pay big dividends. Providing full beam from lintel to slab level, especially in residential buildings, will save lots of valuable time. Working on concrete mix-design and using M20 concrete (instead of MIS) will save cement, without any harm. Use of PPC Cement for Masonry and Plaster, will not only save in cost, it will also minimize wall (temperature) cracks, and resultant leakages and seepages. Where time is constraint, part use of steel fabricated member can come to help. While civil work progresses on site, fabricated members could get ready in workshop. From finished concrete, one can save cost of hacking and plastering, and also construction time. Standardization and Pre casting could bring in major saving in cost.
Construction time is saved. Finishing, like rendering and plastering, become redundant. Pre casting saves time and money. Besides, precast members invariably, look thin and elegant. Spot welding, of reinforcement, not only saves binding wire; it keeps reinforcement in proper place, thus giving better strength. Labor is no more cheap. Mechanization will definitely help in turning out large volumes of work in shortest possible time.
Systematic and planned manner of working will bring economy, as it will reduce rejections and / or repairs. In construction, it is now or never situation. Constant supervision is the mantra. It is very difficult and expensive, almost impossible to demolish and redo any work. Sometimes it is even not possible to carry out any major alterations. It is recommended to avoid trails and experiments, and to adopt only tried materials and methods.
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