Saturday, January 30, 2016

SOFT FURNISHING:BLENDING WITH INTERIORS

SOFT FURNISHING:BLENDING WITH INTERIORS


Typically the d├ęcor of a house is characterized by the soft furnishing used. It is the soft furnishings that lends the colour and cheer, underscores the richness of the display. Even the most mediocre of furniture can come alive when accentuated by a lively and rich fabric.
The array of soft furnishings available is mind boggling, with multiple hues, rich fabric and fabulous designs marking their varieties.The kind of soft furnishing to be use depends on the nature of the furniture on display, its colours and how expensive it is. Soft furnishing encompasses the fabric used for the seating arrangement. The cushions thrown on them, rugs and curtains on display.
Budget Constraint
If the interiors are done up on a budget constraint, an intelligent choice of furniture would be cane. The cane furniture has however, both high end as well as low end varieties. The Indian cane is the cheapest and will suit a very tight budget. To camouflage the cheapness of the furniture, cushions in striking colors like shocking pink can be used.
Says Interior Designer  Aarti Sud, “Even the cheapest of furniture can be made to look fabulous by using gorgeous upholstery and striking colors. An ethnic painting with a good quality frame would accentuate this effect further.”
Instead of woolen carpets, durries can be used, as they are cheaper and also easy to maintain. Jute blinds can be used for curtains as they “complement the cane and add to the ethnic look. The trick is to use deep colors for cheap furniture, says Aarti Sud, “Contrasting cushions  such as in pink, gold, blue and contrasting durries in three to four shades against a white or cream colored wall would give a rich look to the setting. Here, the entire picture is set by the soft furnishing used rather than the furniture.”
The magic of   wood
Wood suits a mid-sized budget very well. With complementing wooden accessories, the setting is best accentuated when colors like gold, maroon, navy blue and rust are used for the fabric. Paintings too look better against this background when covered with gold frames.Woollen carpets are ideal for this setting. “Durries will be out of place here as the wood has a rich look and needs a rug that complements it”, says Sud.
Instead of silk for curtains, poly silk can be used as they fall well. “Silk is expensive and would blend well with a high-end decor that includes a leather and antique setting,” she says. She suggests combining this with sheers to enhance the setting. “ Sheers come in machine embroidery too and they add to the richness.”
If floral printed sheers are to be used, she advocates restricting to sheers alone. “This gives a floral look besides saving on the curtains.”
Leather and antique furniture forms the top-end segment, with leather on most occasions being of the imported variety. The soft furnishing used here is certainly of the high-end collection with mostly silk marking the fabric.“The leather sofas mostly opted for in a living room is of the cream. White or green range and this is heightened by using an assortment of silk cushions, complemented by silk rugs.Occasionally a silk throw in attractive colours further enhances this rich look,” says Sud.
Aesthetics
When there are two or more seating arrangements that need to be segregated, they can be done so by using a silk screen instead of wood. “This adds colour to the section.” She says Interior Designer Ranjit Naik, “whatever be the choice, it is important to blend the colors and fabric well. The decor has to blend with the scheme of things, ensuring aesthetics as well as functionality.”
According to him, currently, there are plenty of fabrics that look and feel like the real thing, but is imitation and suits a tight budget.  Thus, if you aspire to have leather seating, but cannot afford one, “you could go for imitation leather or use poly fabrics that look like silk.”To cater to the budget constraint, he also advocates the use of local products such as jute, Khadhi “which are cheaper but lend a very ethnic look.
If these are used appropriately, in a concept, the effect can be stunning. And their prices are extremely reasonable.” He points to the banana fibres and hyacinth used in chattais to reiterate his point.“If the material is used effectively, even the cheapest can be made to look classy,” he says.When it comes to bedrooms, care should be taken to match the colours used for the bedspreads with the curtains, cushions and upholstery for the sofas in the lounge area. “If the colours are not used well, it can be jarring to the eye,” says Sud.
If the wood used for the bed is dark, it is better to use light shades for the soft furnishing. Alternatively, light colour wood like pine would look good against bold colours. Even the mirror frames, dressers, entertainment unit should be in harmony with these colours. It is best to use neutral shades for the bedside lamps.
The choice of rugs would depend on the kind of bed used. An expensive four poster bed would necessarily require a silk rug while a metal bed would fuse very well with durries.Whatever be the choice, the colours once again should match the bedding and rest of the room.If the bedroom is small in size, it would be ideal to use lighter colours, as it would make the room look bigger and brighter. A larger room would fit well with dark colours, lending a cosy look to it.
It is best to avoid silk in a bedroom, as the fabric should be easy to maintain. “The wash and wear variety is more practical here, especially form the hygiene point of view,” says Aarti. She advocates cotton as the best fabric as “synthetic too can cause allergy for some.”
Wall to wall carpeting in a bedroom is strictly not to be done as “it collects dust, can cause allergy and is not hygienic.” It is best to use small rugs beside the bed, in the entertainment unit and where ever necessary. When it comes to children's bedroom, “cottons in floral and check design are ideal,” she says. Durries are most practical as they can be “washed frequently”.
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Friday, January 29, 2016

RESTRICTION ON PURCHASE OF SCHEDULE CASTES GRANT PROPERTY

RESTRICTION ON PURCHASE OF SCHEDULE CASTES GRANT PROPERTY


In a Democratic Country, welfare of the poor, depressed, have-nots is one of the concerns of the Government. To mitigate the suffering of such people government often grants land so that they cultivate the land and earn their livelihood. It imposes restrictions on transfer of such granted land for certain period to ensure that the desired welfare objectives are not defeated.  Members of Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes are the most exploited.
As discussed many times, the sale and purchase of agricultural land in Karnataka has various restrictions. Government of Karnataka has put more severe restrictions on transfer of lands granted to Schedule Casts and Schedule Tribes. The relevant legislation is “the Karnataka Schedule Castes and Scheduled Tribes (prohibition of transfer of certain lands) Act 1978 and Rules 1979.
This is a social agrarian legislation to empower the downtrodden and also to prevent their exploitation. This Act has overriding effect and takes control of all granted lands, irrespective of law under which they were granted by it under Karnataka Land Reforms Act, Karnataka Land Revenue Act, Mysore Land Revenue Code or those of erstwhile provinces like Bombay, Coorg, Hyderabad, Madras and prohibits transfer of such lands without the permission of the Government. This Act has come into force from 01.07.1979.However; the Act covers lands granted even before the commencement of the Act.
Granted property, is any land granted by the Government of Karnataka to the person belonging to any of the Schedule Caste or Schedule Tribes. It also includes lands granted to such persons under any relevant law in force for the time being pertaining to agrarian reforms, land ceiling abolition of Inams except those relating to hereditary offices or rights, that is the lands granted under hereditary offices like thoti, Neeruganti etc. which are not covered under this Act.
The Presidential orders 1950, under articles 341 and 342 of the Constitution of India have proclaimed the state-wise list of Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes.  The list has relevance to the State in which the members of the community reside.  A caste categorized as Schedule Caste in one state may not be so in another state.  Persons who do not follow religion of Hinduism, Sikhism and Buddhism are not deemed as members of Scheduled Castes.
The Act prohibits not only sale but also any type of transfer of land without prior permission of the government. The word transfer as used in this Act encompasses sale, gift, exchange, mortgage, lease or any other similar transaction.  It prohibits the mortgage whether with or without possession.  It includes creation of charge, or an agreement to sell, exchange, mortgage etc.But partition among family members and disposition by Will are not covered. Transfer of granted land to another member of Schedule caste or tribe is a violation of this Act.
Section 4 of this Act is more crucial and important.  It spells out that transfer of any land granted before commencement of this Act or after, in contravention of terms of Grant, is null and void which means such transfer is inoperative.  The transferee will not get legally valid title or interest or right to such property.
Further, it clearly mandates that any transfer of granted land needs prior permission of Government.  Permission of the Government is also necessary for sale of the land in execution of any decree or order of a civil court or any authority.  This makes it very clear that any transfer of granted land even after complying with terms of grant, needs the prior permission of Government.  Even entering into agreement to sell needs prior permission of the Government.
The land might have been granted free of cost, or at reduced price (upset price).  Reduced price means the price based on land revenue and not market price.  In many cases, the grantee, that is the person to whom the land was granted, will be asked to pay price equal to land revenue of some years.  It has been held in one case that prohibition of non-transfer of land can be imposed only in case of lands granted free of cost or reduced (upset) price.  Land granted on receipt of market price is sale and not grant.  But it is advisable to obtain permission from the Government for purchase of any type of grant land from members of Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes.
The land is granted to the members of Schedule Castes and Tribes with certain conditions like:
1.The grantee shall not transfer the land for a period of 15 years from the date of taking possession.
2.The land should be brought under cultivation within three years from taking possession.
3.The grantee shall cultivate the land personally
4.The land shall be used for the purposes for which it was granted and any change of use requires prior permission of the Government.
5.The grantee shall plant within a period of one year one tree for every ten guntas or 10 trees for one hectare.
6.The land may be granted not only for agricultural purpose but also for constructing residential accommodation with restrictions on transfer.  Though the restriction on transfer of the granted land is 15 years, the government may permit the transfer after a lapse of five years depending upon the circumstances and the needs of the grantee. The procedure for grant of lands is governed by Karnataka Land Grant Rules 1969. Transfer of any type of lands granted to the members of Scheduled Caste/Tribe requires prior permission of the government.
Now we shall discuss the transfer of land granted to the members of Schedule Castes and tribes within the period of restriction on transfer or without the prior permission of the Government.As stated earlier the transferee will not get any legally valid tile, interest, right in such properties.  Further the Government, represented by the Assistant Commissioner, after an enquiry may take possession of such land by evicting the persons who are in possession of land.  However, sufficient opportunity will be provided to the transferor to present his version of the case.
After taking the possession of such transferred granted land the Government restores the land to the original grantee or his legal heirs.  If it is practically not possible to restore such land to the grantee or legal heirs, the land will vest with government, free of all encumbrances. The Government may grant such land to any other member of Schedule Cast or Schedule Tribe eligible for grant.  If the enquiring authority finds that the transfer of land has not violated any provisions of the Karnataka Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribes Act 1978, orders will be passed accordingly.
The Government has got powers to initiate action by the mere fact that the granted land is in the possession of a person other than original grantee or his legal heirs.  It is not necessary that the original grantee or his legal heirs to lodge the complaint.  Any interested person or on information provided by any person or the government on its own may initiate action. The Act also provides for appeal by the aggrieved persons who has lost possession of the land purchased.  He may appeal to the Deputy Commissioner having jurisdiction within three months from the date on which order of Assistant Commissioner was communicated to him.
Deputy Commissioner has also got powers to condone the delay in preferring appeal, if satisfied with the cause for delay. Deputy Commissioner will dispose the case based on merits. The Act prohibits the registration of any documents of transfer of such granted land without compliance of the provision of this Act that is without prior permission of the government.
Every registering office will be provided with a list of granted lands falling in its jurisdiction.  However, this prohibition will not apply to transfer of granted land in favour of State Government, Central Government, Local Authority or Bank. What is more serious is the punishment prescribed for acquiring the land granted to the Schedule Casts and Schedule Tribes in violation of the provisions of this Act that is without prior permission of the Government and in contravention of terms of grant.  Such transferee on conviction may be punished with imprisonment upto six months or fine up to Rupees Two Thousand or both.
Following are some of the important verdicts pertaining to the Act.
1.Unless proved otherwise, if a person other than grantee is in possession of the granted land, it has to be presumed that the land is transferred and it is null an void [ILR 1997 (1) KLR 474]
2.Possession by a trespasser will not amount to transfer under the Act [ILR 2002 (2) KAR2431]
3.Alienation to bank is not prohibited [ILR2002 (3) KAR 3780]
4.Alienation of granted land in the form of mortgage without prior permission of the Government is void [2000(2)KLR SN21]
5.When authority granting land has not imposed the condition of alienation, the authority issuing Saguvali Chit cannot impose such condition [ILR 1999 (1) KAR 261]
6.To avail the advantage of adverse possession, such possession should be for thirty years prior to the Act coming into force (1995 (5) KLJ732).
7.Whether the grant is for upset price or otherwise the prohibition is applicable [1991 (1) KLR 373].
8.Only when land was granted free or at reduced price, the only non-alienation condition can be imposed [1996 (3) KLJ 34 DB]
9.If the transferee has made some improvements he cannot claim compensation on eviction [1992 (4) KLJ1].
10.Even bits of land granted for house sites are covered by the Act [ILR 2001 (3) KAR 3753.:2001 (4) KCCR SN 320-DB].
11.Though the act is socio-agrarian legislation in its action aimed at improving the social and economic status of the members of Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes, the chance of its misuse is not rare.  Many grantees, legal heirs sell the granted lands to innocent people who are unaware of the provisions of this Act and later on claim that such transfer as null and void.  Though ignorance of law is no excuse, the government should also educate the public and land records like RTC, RRPR etc should clearly indicate the nature of the land and restrictions on its transfer.
But the RTC or RRPR never discloses this prohibition. Though there is prohibition on registration of such land in the Act, there is no punitive provision for violation by sub-registrars. Many registering officers register the transfer of such granted land many times in connivance with the seller.
The ultimate victim will be the innocent purchaser who loses the property and money and is also at risk of facing imprisonment and fine.  Any social legislation should ensure that equity and justice is meted out to all and a fine balance is struck.
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Thursday, January 28, 2016

MODES OF ACQUIRING IMMOVABLE PROPERTY

MODES OF ACQUIRING IMMOVABLE PROPERTY


Before managing the various modes of exploit immovable property, we have a tendency to shall perceive what's immovable is property.The transfer of Property Act 1882 describes immovable property collectively, that doesn't embrace standing timber, growing crops or grass (Section 3).
Though numerous landmark judgements are there on what constitutes standing timber, growing crops or grass,it is usually accepted that standing timber suggests that the trees that are work and prepared to chop and that don't need any nourishment from soil.
Immovable Property is nonheritable by numerous means:
Direct Purchase: The immovable property is purchased from the owner by sale method.
Gift: The owner of the immovable property donates the property to an individual voluntarily while not valuable thought.
Exchange: The owner of 2 totally different properties reciprocally transfers the possession of 1 property to a different.
Will: it's dead by the owner of the property in favor of the beneficiaries. This can be additionally called official document succession.
Inheritance and Succession: The legal heirs inherit the property of the deceased. This can be additionally known as intestate Succession.
Ownership: The degree of possession in immovable property is of 2 varieties
  1. Freehold, wherever the owner has all the rights and privileges like right to possess, transfer, alienate and
  2. But freehold wherever his rights and privileges aren't full and absolute.
We are managing exploit freehold interest in immobile property. The Transfer of Property Act 1882 deals with Sale, Gift and Exchange.
Sale: Section fifty four defines what a procurement is and the way it's created. This can be the foremost widespread mode of exploit associate immobile property. In line with the Transfer of Property Act 1882, it's transfer of possession, exchange for a value paid, or secure to be paid, or half paid or half secure.If the worth of the property is 100 or a lot of such a procurement are often done solely by a registered document.  The one who transfers the Property is termed the vendor or merchandiser and also the one who gets the property transferred is termed the vendee or buyer.
The Transfer of Property Act imposes bound duties and rights on the vendor and also the vendee. These duties and rights ar subject to the terms of the contract. If the contract is silent on any duties and rights then law can prevail. If the contract expressly avoids such duties and rights, then the terms of the contract can prevail. intrinsically it's necessary to avail the services of a decent expert.
Duties of the Seller:
  1. The vendor ought to divulge heart's contents to the vendee any material defect within the property or within the title, that the vendor is aware and also the vendee not aware, wherever the customer couldn't discover the defect with due care.
  2. The vendor is sure to build obtainable to the vendee the documents of title of the property, that are in seller’s possession or power, for purchaser’s scrutiny.
  3. The vendor ought to answer all relevant queries of the vendee in respect of the property or title thence.
  4. The vendor is sure to execute a correct conveyance deed (Sale deed) subject to the following:-
  5. The vendee ought to pay the number due in respect of the sale.
  6. The vendee ought to tender the conveyance deed for execution at correct time and place.
  7. Throughout the amount between the contract of sale and also the delivery of the property, the vendor is sure to take diligent care of the property and documents of title.
  8. The vendor is sure to provide to the vendee or his agent the possession of the property.
  9. A vendor is sure to pay all public charges and rents increased in respect of the property.
  10. Pay interest on all encumbrances on the property.
  11. Discharge all existing encumbrances except wherever the property is sold-out, subject to encumbrances.
  12. A vendor is sure to provide pledge that the interest, that the vendor is avouchment at the time of sale of the property, subsists and he has power to transfer a similar.
  13. On payment of full purchase cash the vendor is sure to deliver all the documents of title to the property that are in seller’s possession or power subject to
  14. Where the vendor is retaining any a part of the property comprised in such documents he's entitled to retain them.
  15. once the entire of the property is sold-out to totally different consumers, the customer of the heap of the best price is entitled to such document.
Rights of the Seller:
  1. The vendor is entitled to the rents and profits of the property until the possession passes on to the customer.
  2. The vendor is sure to charge on the property wherever the possession has passed on to the vendee before the payment of the entire purchase cash.
Duties of the Purchaser:
  1. The vendee is sure to disclose to the vendor any facts, that the customer is aware, and that materially will increase the worth of the seller’s interest, however the vendor isn't attentive to it.
  2. The purchaser is sure to pay to the vendor the whole purchase money on completion of sale.
  3. The vendee is sure to bear any loss arising from destruction, injury, or decrease within the price of the property not caused by the vendor, where the ownership has passed on to the purchaser.
  4. Once the possession has passed on to the vendee he's sure to pay all public charges, tax and money due on encumbrances and interest thereon.
Rights of Purchaser:
  1. Once the possession has passed on to the vendee, he's entitled to the advantages from enhancements increase within the price of the property, rents, and profits.
  2. The vendee is entitled, unless he has improperly declined to just accept the delivery of the property, to a charge on the property as against and every one persons claiming underneath him.

Wednesday, January 27, 2016

KITCHENS – NEW LOOK WITH MODERN DESIGNS

KITCHENS – NEW LOOK WITH MODERN DESIGNS

As the income level of the middle and high income group is increasing with better education and global employment market, the desire to own more spacious and elegant looking houses/ flat is increasing. The first thing a middle class person thinks of is to own a house when all other priorities like health, children's education and insurance have been taken care of. Owning a house gives a place in the society. During the last two decades, lavish design has moved, initially from drawing room to bath cum lavatories and now to kitchen. No longer are the kitchens soot covered black dingy places. Neither are they forbidden to everyone except the lady of the house (LOH) or to the “maharaj – the cook-adgeya brahmana”.
First let us take up what the Vastu has to say. Many of us even though in public say we do not believe in Vastu heart in heart we are superstitious and would like to follow it lest something bad happens. Exceptions are there.
1.The best location for the kitchen is South East Corner.
2.The entry to kitchen should be in North, East or North east but never in the corner.
3.All electrical gadgets should be at South East and South.
4.Kitchen should not face bath or toilet.
5.Exhaust fan should be in the east or North side.
6.Windows should be provided in East, North or West walls.
7.Storage shelves and loft should be on South and west wall/ below the ceiling.
8.All cooking items such as rice, pulses and spices should be south side.
9.While there is no bar in the use of any durable wood for interiors, wood derived from trees like rubber wood which gives out milk like fluid are not recommended.
  1. Water should be available on North or North east but not at corner.
These are important points which if someone wants to incorporate in the design can consider.
Criteria
The criteria for a good kitchen is that it should be comfortable, accessible, safe, hygienic, convenient, elegant yet functional which require great skill and imagination to arrive at praise worthy layout.
The minimum size of the kitchen in our opinion is 8 by 8. But research has found a house hold kitchen should have a L shaped arrangement in terms of reach and ease of movement and hence a 8 by 10 size seems to be more appropriate. This size is when the cooking is done by a single person, usually the LOH. If the kitchen work is done by more than one person then the width should be increased. If the number of gadgets are more than 3 in a row it may have to be extended length wise also. Some people like to have small dining place also where husband and wife can have an informal meal. A good kitchen should accommodate users of varying heights, age, mobility, dexterity and to a certain extent changes which inevitably comes with time and age. In this fast changing age it is difficult to design a kitchen interior with a life more than 10 years. In a L shaped working area activities which take most of time, must be clustered together at one end. Cooking in standing posture has become practice. It may lead to varicose veins problem in some. It is better to have a chair with castors so that one can rest once in a while.
The ruling deity of kitchen is fire. Fire can be useful and dangerous. It is always better to use materials which are fire resistant. Gas leakage can be dangerous. The recommendation for use of LPG is that the cylinders should kept outside and only pipe leading from it to stove should be in working area. But, that is not possible in a flat or even in a standalone house. A feasible solution is that gas should be in an enclosure with RCC curtain walls towards the working and other two sides of the gas cylinder and a weak and blow away section on the fourth (a part of cooking which is mostly for baking and boiling has not been very much utilitarian with us. Our cooking has a large content of frying and seasoning. Also with the unreliable public utility supplying the energy, one may have to go hungry many a times. A handy fire extinguisher which can take on electrical fire is a must.
What  about  Interiors
Before we embark on interiors it is better to decide a colour scheme for the kitchen. Vastu recommends Orange as the colour for kitchen.  Orange is associated with Agni the ruling deity. It is also associated with good appetite, liking for food and also a colour of hope. Yellow is the next colour of choice which is supposed to help our stomach problems, digestive disorders. It is soothing and relieves stress. From hygiene considerations, one would prefer white or any light colour in shades of red and yellow. How light or dark these colours is one's personal choice of materials and shades available in that colour.
When we design interiors; we should first start with floor. Floor is what strikes to us first when we enter the space. Floor is where hygiene and safety also have to be considered. Floor should be safe and not slippery. With the present habit of men entering the kitchen with foot wear often and children running in from school in to kitchen for food after long hours in school, any dirt on the floor should show up and should lend itself to quick cleaning. Flooring colour should match the other areas, walls, shelves etc. The ceramic tile flooring is contemporary, durable and easily maintainable. Granite is alright provided it is not polished to a high degree. Tandoor and Shahbad are the next choice. Marble is attacked by acid and does not show water spills and could become slippery. Wooden floor may wear of quickly, wrap, crack and hide dirt and moisture. Wood requires high degree of maintenance. Mosaic can also be considered. NITCO has brought out aqua collection with jagged edges. The designs are attractive. For kitchen top granite is the best. It takes rough handling very nicely. But, now modular kitchen units come with their own tops. One can try them also. Stainless stinks are very popular and they are available in several designs, one two and separate vegetable pouches, with more than enough. The sinks are available in many colours to suit your interiors. What type of taps, while many revolutionary designs have come to market for the bathrooms (cubic design is the current fashion) Kitchen taps are not in the same rant and rave. However, kitchen taps should protrude longer in to the sink and should have ease of movement. Their knobs should be non slippery.
Going  about  Appliances
When buying appliances, try to opt for those which can be stacked one above the other. If a refrigerator can find a place outside kitchen, it is so much the better. If the refrigerator has to be accommodated in the kitchen, a medium size refrigerator this could take a mixer grinder on it will do. If you tend to buy whole sale large quantities of pulses and grains may it is wise to have small store adjacent to the kitchen. A few houses of Neo rich IT executives and NRI's have dish washers also. If a dishwasher is a must, it should have both hot and cold water connections. A water purifier is a must as our municipal water supply does not guarantee same purity as in the west. There are UC and the reverse osmosis. The latter is preferred even though it is costly. Should the kitchen have the door or it should not? The trend is for an opening. Closing a kitchen with a door is a legacy of olden days when kitchens were using firewood and tended to be smoke coated, dark and dingy. Shutters eat into space whether they open outwards or inwards.
Furniture
Good choices for selecting cabinet are natural and dark cherry finishes can be easily coordinated with wall paint, title, and flooring. Kitchen storage space has gone for modular system. Imports from abroad have set the trend. Just get the walls and floor ready. Call the modular kitchen designer in. He will suggest you the appliance locations, counter tops, appliances, accessories, hardware and front finishes.
The kitchen shelves should contain only small quantities, not more than a weeks requirement. Maximize counter spaces by having pull out table. We have pullout, Double pull out, multiple purpose pull out, bottle plate pull out, Carousel unit, Dee tray, Glass/plate rack, rack and basket pull. My choice is imported if not factory made. Two problems are there if one decides to get kitchen shelves made at site. Firstly, the design and quality of accessories like hinges, magnetic, seals, etc.
The second and bigger problem is the managing of the Carpenter. Most of them are untrained and unreliable. They would not be able to give proper estimate of materials. They will hammer at the screws, try to plane the edges. In almost all shelves, I have found one door hanging out of plumb with the next one.
The shelves that are fitted below the table top should not be fixed to the wall and some clearance at the floor level if provided will help cleaning. Our floors are rarely level as no floor laying artisan uses spirit level. For shelves above window one should keep in mind the height of reach of the person who uses it. Different types of Chimney are available.
Kitchen  Lighting
Lighting should not be bright and glare free. General lighting should be soft and spread uniformly without any unlit parts. Task lighting, recessed mood lighting could be individuals choice. An emergency light connected to UPS could prove handy. Some persons who use cooks can also think of having a call bell. Self closing sockets are recommended. Modular switches are good and capable of replacement in modules. A switch on the outside will help to light the kitchen prior to entry.
In conclusion, the fashion in building design has now moved to kitchen. So are the electrical, electronic and robotic gadgets. If you have the money to splurge make yourself and your LOH happy. A recent research book published in the west has coined a word “Edifice Complex”. It says more we spend on our house and more we make it distinct, more our ego swells. Didn't we know that all the time right from the dawn of the civilization?
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Monday, January 25, 2016

ARRANGING A NEW LOCALITY

ARRANGING A NEW LOCALITY


Individuals invest the greater part of the energy in their homes. The area in which they live requires to be happy with fulfilling their day by day community necessities. Such territories were arranged before in Delhi and afterward in Chandigarh.
Area :
The site to be chosen for another area ought to be helpful to achieve the downtown area. The site ought not prompt urban sprawl but rather empower to give minimization in the city structure for lessening the expense of administrations including the length of streets. The site ought to be suitable as per land highlights for giving water supply, tempest water stream, and underground seepage (UGD). The site ought not be low misleading abstain from flooding amid stormy season like; HSR Layout Viveknagar, a piece of Shivajinagar, and so on.
Arranging :
The populace to be obliged may be around 50,000, i.e., around 10,000 families. Lesser populace than this won't bolster the administrations including business sector. The approach of framing BDA expansions with just autonomous locales requires to be checked on. The advancement ought to be for low ascent lofts in a noteworthy bit, skyscraper flats confronting the principle streets along the region's peripheries, and around 20% of the region zone with destinations of 12mx18m ( 40'x60') and 15mx 24m( 50'x80') confronting the inside streets. Least number of autonomous destinations is recommended in perspective of the high land values in Bangalore and the pattern for elevated structures changing over the old lodge locales in Malleswaram, Basavangudi, Indiranagar, cantonment ranges, and different zones with enormous destinations.
Primary streets 24 m(80') or 30m(100') wide, as indicated by the network on either side of the territory, ought to be just along the limit to see that through movement does not go through the region. This will maintain a strategic distance from danger to people on foot by speeding vehicles, annoyance by unapproved business utilizes, and so forth. Minor streets 18m (60') wide one each from every side of the region to achieve the focal part where the group focus is proposed. Access streets to be of least 12m (40') wide to permit two movement paths, administration lines, and tree planting.
Metro Amenities :
Group Center is proposed in the focal point of the area for accommodation to the inhabitants in all parts of the territory. The offices recommended in the group are as per the following :
  • Shopping complex with a departmental store, eateries, shops, and market for vegetables and natural products, lamb, chicken and fish slows down.
  • An office complex with branch workplaces of BBMP, BESCOM, BWSSB, Telecom Department., post office, banks, advocates workplaces, counseling specialist's facilities, littler private division workplaces. and so on.
  • An open division wellbeing focus with maternity offices.
  • Main park for senior citizens strolling and running, play ground for adolescents, and a club. Number of trees may be planted in the parks.
  • Smaller stops and play grounds in different parts of the area as lung spaces and play spaces for kids. On the off chance that a characteristic valley goes through the region, valley edges according to zoning regulations is to be furnished with tree planting and strolling tracks.
  • Schools for nursery, essential, and auxiliary classes by open or private part.
  • A transport end for BMTC transports, with auto/taxi stand, and stopping of vehicles. No transport stop is vital along the streets as the transport end is inside of strolling separation in the focal point of the region.
Improvement Control :
As all the municipal luxuries and administrations incorporating shopping is given in the territory inside of strolling separation, no adjustment in area utilization may be allowed permitting business exercises that aggravate the occupants. On the off chance that they require real shopping, religious circles, and recreational offices, the occupants may go the downtown area and different spots. We have seen the fomentations and open interest prosecutions by the Residents Welfare Association of Koramangala and different regions where business exercises all around is irritating the inhabitants.
BBMP and BDA may uphold the procurements as proposed in the area arrange entirely to see that serene territories are accessible to the occupants in future for better personal.
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